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History of Cummins Inc. began February 3, 1919, when a brilliant self-taught mechanic from the state of Indiana Clessi Laila Cummins, and businessman and politician William Glanton Irwin founded the Cummins Engine Company.
Clessy Cummins still in his homeland was engaged in the improvement of the engine invented by Rudolf Diesel, and achieved certain success. Moving to Columbus, and having acquired a supporter of ideas and a partner in the person of William Irwin, Clessy with a new force took up the design of diesel engines.
The first sample was produced by Cummins Engine Company in 1919 under a license purchased from the Dutch Hvid. The engine was 4-stroke and had a power of 6 horsepower, this did not stop to use it as a generator for electricity generation.
However, the company was still weak in order to survive in the market. To strengthen it, Clessy Cummins invites all of the same Hvid one of the leading engineers - Knudsen. Soon there is a new model from this tandem: the engine with a distributive clutch in the form of a wheel.
In the beginning, Cummins decides to sell engines through the popular "Thermoil" magazine, popular at that time among the farmers. The peculiarity of sales was that the buyer could return the engine after the season, and get back 50% of its value!
Due to the fact that the Cummins engines proved particularly viable (they could be operated for several years without major repairs), they gained popularity as the most hardy.
In 1929, Cummins Corporation began to produce ship engines and diesel generators. After a short time Cummins deploys an advertising company and actively promotes the installation of diesel engines in cars.
The time of the Great Depression of 1929 did not shake the company so much, thanks to the same resourcefulness of Clessy Cummins. He installed a diesel Cummins on a Paccard limousine, and at Christmas 1929 invited a hired Paccard to his investor, William Irwin. They say that after this trip Irwin was ready to invest any of Cummins's most fantastic ideas.
In 1931, Indianapolis hosted the "survival" race, where the Cummins engines showed unprecedented results and left the rivals far behind. Cummins achieved the victory in the races in Daytona Beach and Indianapolis Motor Speedway. In which were set several records of speed and economy among cars with a diesel engine during rallies. Thanks to the participation of races, the company has gained enough popularity. The press widely discusses the future of diesel engines, which creates an excellent advertisement for Cummins. However, the company needed a serial model, which would become the basis and the backbone of production. Such a model in 1933 becomes Model H. This was the first powerful engine for trucks from the company Cummins. It can be said that the "real Cummins" began with him.
In 1934, the reins of the company go to the great-grandson of Irwin's banker - Irvin Miller, who has been managing the Cummins corporation for several decades as CEO. With him, the expected prosperity of the corporation is due to the excellent products and extensive network of service centers. The financial situation of the corporation improved during the Second World War. Thanks to the excellent "reputation" of Cummins diesel engines, the corporation has concluded several lucrative contracts for the production and supply of diesel engines for the US Army and Navy. Cummins engines operated in any climatic conditions, from the tropics to the Arctic. With the opening of the second front, the engines were delivered to Europe and Russia.
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Since the early 50's of the XIX century. industrial development of the US was very fast. By the end of the 1950s, the United States was the fourth largest producer of industrial products in the world. Large-scale construction of railways and canals, motor roads began. Cummins engines were installed on bulldozers, excavators and graders, and tractors that delivered construction equipment to the sites. Drivers and owners needed an economical, powerful, sturdy engine, and Cummins was exactly what was required.
In 1952, the financially stable company Cummins announced the first ever 100,000 mile warranty on its engines.
On May 30, 1952, the Diesel Special car numbered 28 with the first turbocharged 430hp race, under the direction of the Fred Agabashian pilot, won the Indianapolis 500 race, and broke the world speed record of 224km / h in qualifying, taking the floor of the race position. The prize spot in the Indianapolis 500 race proves that the Cummins diesel engine does not lose its superiority and power before others.
After conducting a series of laboratory studies and testing in 1954, the company announced a technological breakthrough: a serial engine with a fuel and time dosing system was introduced. A few years later, Cummins annually supplied products worth more than $ 100 million and became the leader among manufacturers of industrial engines in America.
In the early 60's, Cummins built several factories in Europe, Britain, Australia, Brazil, India, Mexico and Japan.
After 10 years around the world, there were 2500 Cummins dealer and service centers in 98 countries. Thanks to hard work, the company managed to win markets on all continents.
In 1966, thanks to the Cummins engine, a world speed record was set for diesel powerboats. Due to its focus on meeting the growing market demand for high-quality filtration products, the company has expanded rapidly. By 1959 engineering and technical laboratories were created and a popular bypass filter LF750 was developed, as well as other new products for filtration. In 1963 the Fleetguard brand was created, and in 1967 the manufacturing plants were moved to a new plant with an area of 13,500 square meters. m in Kouqueville, Tennessee. In 1969 in Dallas (Texas), marketing departments were established, and by the 1970s Fleetguard had become a full-fledged subsidiary of Cummins.
By 1974, the plant in Kouqueville was expanded to 396,000 square meters. and in 1979, eight miles from the plant in Sparta (Tennessee), the Fleetguard Distribution Center was set up with an area of 275,000 square meters. m. This distribution center serviced the secondary Fleetguard market worldwide. In 1980, Fleetguard was further expanded by the acquisition of the Deluxe Filter Company in Lake Mills, Iowa.
In 1979, a screw-on LF777 bypass filter was introduced, containing a patented multi-layer disc medium, which replaced the outdated cartridge and filter housing assembly. In 1982, a Superfilter screwed-in fuel separator with a patented self-venting drain valve was introduced, and by 1983 an advanced micro-glass filter medium for lubrication filters was produced. In 2006 Fleetguard adopted the name and logo of its parent company, Cummins Inc.
In 1997, Cummins acquired Nelson Industries in Stoughton, Wisconsin, adding a wide range of exhaust cleaning products to the Fleetguard brand. Fleetguard products for the exhaust system include tubular products, air and liquid tanks, exhaust systems and components, as well as reservoirs for power steering.
Since the early 1970s Cummins products have become known in Russia - at that time Cummins company supplied to the USSR a large number of powerful quarry and construction equipment equipped with diesel engines Cummins. In the early 90's, several productions opened in Asia: Japan, China and India.
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Since 1994, thanks to the powerful, economical, reliable diesel engines Cummins have been established the following records and achievements:
• 1996 - world speed record for 6-liter diesel engines.
• 1998 - the fastest round-the-world trip.
• 1999 - speed record for diesel-electric trains.
• 2000 is the world's longest road train, the fastest 500-tonne dump truck.
• 2001 is the fastest excavator in the world.
• 2002 is the world speed record for pickups.
• 2003 - the most load-lifting road train.
• 2004 is the acceleration record for diesel cars, the fastest diesel-powered car, the world record for plowing for tractors.
• 2005 is the world speed record for a round-the-world trip for boats.
• 2006 - Frost & Sullivan award for technological leadership in the field of production of environmentally friendly diesel engines.
Currently, the company's production activities are concentrated in the main areas:
• Diesel engines for trucks and buses, ships, railway transport, agricultural, road-building and other industrial equipment;
• Diesel-generator sets;
• Engine components: filters, turbochargers, exhaust systems, etc.
Today Cummins is:
• 28 thousand employees working all over the world;
• more than 5,000 service centers in 160 countries;
• Annual investments in R & D more than 250 million US dollars;
• 700 thousand engines annually with sales of more than 8 billion US dollars. (on the result of 2004).
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