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The British company "Morris" from Oxford, created in 1913 by the famous inventor and entrepreneur William Morris, initially manufactured simple and cheap cars, and began its activity in the military field only with the creation in 1924 of the cargo compartment "Morris Commercial". Meanwhile, the headquarters of Morris was a supplier of staff, reconnaissance and ambulance cars, made on serial passenger chassis with simplified bodies. The first in service in 1929 entered the famous minicar Minor with an 850cc engine. It was a 2-seater sports option, used to deliver urgent mail.
It was followed by the Minor, 8HP, 10HP, and other models. The only special staff vehicle in 1937 was the Morris Wasp, built on a standard 8HP chassis with a 4-cylinder engine (918 cm, 24 hp), which developed a speed of 80 km / h. He received a 2-speed gearbox in the transmission, spoke wheels with all-terrain tires and a high 2-door body with an awning.
During World War II, Morris produced 8,000 headquarters vehicles and all-metal 10HP series M (4x2) pickups with bearing bodies, known under the nickname Tilly. They were equipped with a motor overhead valve (1.1 liter, 37 hp), oversized tires and a grille in front of the radiator. No less famous at that time was a simple pickup "Morris Y", used as a light ambulance.
Work on special army vehicles began shortly after the creation in May 1924 of a division of Morris Commercial Cars Ltd., which was located in Birmingham and produced them under the Morris Commercial brand. The first in the British army since 1926 began to arrive standard 1-ton 42-strong trucks and sanitary models T, made on the units of the Oxford passenger.
At the end of 1926, the company received the first order of the military department for multi-purpose 1.5-ton trucks and saddles equipped with a 50-hp 4-cylinder engine, rear axle axles on two longitudinal springs, and in 1932 a batch of trucks and ambulances for the British Army in India. They received lean-to wheels with low-pressure tires, and the rear suspension travel increased from 91 to 100 cm. The 6D staff machines supplied a 6-cylinder engine (4.3 liters, 74 hp) and a rather elegant 5-door all-metal body.
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Morris Commercial has ceased production of military equipment. The only post-war army vehicle in the early 50s. became a 1-ton bonnet truck MRA1 (4x4) with a military index FV-16101, which differed from the civilian version of the all-metal cab with a hatch, a removable side body on a tubular frame and all single shed wheels.
It was completed with a 6-cylinder engine (4.2 liter, 72 hp) and an 8-speed transmission. Until 1956, 5,624 such vehicles were assembled, of which more than 1,600 copies were FV-16102 tank trucks. It was the last military product of the company "Morris Commercial".
By this time, the British auto industry entered a crisis lane, forcing Morris and Austin to merge into the British Motor Corporation in 1952. Despite this, Morris cargo production remained unprofitable, and in 1956 the Morris Commercial division was closed. From now on, the only Morris cars used in the British army were passenger cars and small vans, including the legendary Mini model. In 1985, Morris ceased production of all types of automotive products.